Different disciplines use different styles for documenting the resources you use in your project. Documentation gives credit to the authors whose ideas and work have contributed to your finished product. It also allows others to locate the works you used. For instance, many of the social sciences use the American Psychological Association Publication Manual (APA) rules for formatting, citing within the text, abbreviations, and creating a bibliography of sources called “References”. The Modern Language Association Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (MLA) is often used in the humanities. It differs from APA in many ways, including the bibliography which is called “Works Cited”. There are other style guides, including The Chicago Manual of Style and guides specific for journalists, scientists, and musicians.
Be sure that you understand your instructor’s citation requirements and refer to the most recent citation guide purchased for your class for complete citation details. The following links will help you give proper credit and avoid plagiarism.
MLA Format LibGuide (8th edition) - PTC Libraries
MLA Formatting and Style Guide (8th edition) - OWL at Purdue
Citing PTC Databases and E-books (8th edition) (PDF)
Citing Web Sites and Web Pages (8th edition) (PDF)
Documenting Sources in MLA (7th edition) – Diana Hacker, 2009 Update
MLA Style Guide (7th edition) – Northern Michigan University
Citing PTC Databases and E-books (7th edition) (PDF)
Citing Web Sites and Web Pages (7th edition) (PDF)
MLA Paper Format (PDF)
APA Format LibGuide - PTC Libraries
Documenting Print Sources in APA – Diana Hacker
Documenting Online Sources in APA – Diana Hacker
Citing PTC Databases and E-books (PDF)
Citing Web Sites and Web Pages (PDF)
Documenting Sources – Diana Hacker
A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses and Dissertations - Kate L. Turabian
AP Style – OWL at Purdue
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